Reading Comprehension 6 – Muhamad Agung Sutisna

Question

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

4. Translate the passasage into Indonesian language

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

6. Make a summary of the passage

Put your answer in an answer field in a form of SKUP in BL102A iMe class and submit it in a form of a link in BL102A iDu class.
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Information: Already Working on the task that has been given

Evidence:

1. Read text quickly and sign difficult words

Few men have influenced the development of American English to the extent that Noah Webster did. Born in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1758, Webster graduated from Yale in 1778. He was admitted to the bar in 1781 and thereafter began to practice law in Harford. Later, when he turned to teach, he discovered how inadequate the available schoolbooks were for the children of a new and independent nation. In response to the need for truly American textbooks, Webster published A Grammatical Institute of the English Language, a three-volume work that consisted of the speller, a grammar, and a reader. The first volume, which was generally known as The American Spelling Book, was so popular that eventually it sold more than 80 million copies and provided him with a considerable income for the rest of life. While teaching, Webster began work on the compendious dictionary of the English Language, which was published in 1806, and was also very successful.

In 1807, Noah Webster began his greatest work, An American Dictionary of the English Language.  In preparing the manuscript, he devoted ten years to the study of English and its relationship to other languages, and seven more years to the writing itself. Published in two volumes in 1828, An American Dictionary of the English Language has become the recognized authority for usage in the United States. Webster’s purpose in writing it was to demonstrate that the American language was developing distinct meanings, pronunciation, and spellings from those of British English. He is responsible for advancing simplified spelling forms: develop instead of develope; plow instead of plough jail instead of gaol; theater and center instead of theatre and centre; color and honor instead of colour and honour.

Webster was the first author to gain copyright protection in the United States by being awarded copyright for his American Speller. He continued, for the next fifty years, to lobby for improvements in the protection of intellectual properties, that is, author‘s rights. In 1840 Webster brought out a second edition of his dictionary, which included 70.000 entries instead of the original 38.000. The name Webster has become synonymous with American dictionaries. This edition served as the basis for the many revisions that have been produced by others, ironically, under the uncopyrighted Webster name.

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

  • Discovered: Ditemukan
  • Advancing: Maju
  • Authority: Wewenang
  • Development: Pengembangan
  • Compendious: Ringkas

3. Reread the text and answer questions given

1. D. Webster’s Life

2. D. Unsatisfactory

3. C. He felt that British books were not appropriate for American children.

4. B. An American Dictionary of the English Language

5.  A. Large

6. B. 1807

7. D. Dictionary

8. C. Different

9. C. Color

4. Translate the passage into the Indonesian language

Beberapa pria telah mempengaruhi perkembangan bahasa Inggris Amerika sejauh yang dilakukan Nuh Webster. Lahir di West Hartford, Connecticut, pada 1758, Webster lulus dari Yale pada tahun 1778. Dia diterima di bar pada tahun 1781 dan kemudian mulai berlatih hukum di Harford. Kemudian, ketika dia beralih ke pengajaran, dia menemukan betapa tidak memadainya buku sekolah yang tersedia untuk anak-anak sebuah negara baru dan merdeka. Sebagai tanggapan atas kebutuhan akan buku teks Amerika yang sesungguhnya, Webster menerbitkan A Grammatical Institute of the English Language, sebuah karya bervolume tiga yang terdiri dari speller, grammar, dan pembaca.

Pada tahun 1807, Noah Webster memulai karya terbesarnya, An American Dictionary of the English Language. Dalam mempersiapkan manuskrip tersebut, ia mengabdikan sepuluh tahun untuk mempelajari bahasa Inggris dan hubungannya dengan bahasa lain, dan tujuh tahun lagi menulisnya sendiri. Diterbitkan dalam dua jilid pada tahun 1828, Kamus Bahasa Inggris Amerika telah menjadi otoritas yang diakui untuk digunakan di Amerika Serikat. Tujuan Webster dalam menulisnya adalah untuk menunjukkan bahwa bahasa Amerika mengembangkan makna, pengucapan, dan ejaan yang berbeda dari bahasa Inggris.

Webster adalah penulis pertama yang mendapatkan perlindungan hak cipta di Amerika Serikat dengan mendapatkan hak cipta atas Speller Amerika-nya. Dia melanjutkan, selama lima puluh tahun berikutnya, untuk melobi perbaikan dalam perlindungan kekayaan intelektual, yaitu hak penulis. Pada tahun 1840 Webster mengeluarkan kamus edisi kedua, termasuk 70.000 entri, bukan 38.000 asli. Nama Webster telah menjadi identik dengan kamus Amerika. Edisi ini menjadi dasar untuk banyak revisi yang telah dihasilkan oleh orang lain, ironisnya, dengan nama Webster yang tidak dilindungi hak cipta.

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

First Paragraph : Few men have influenced the development of American English to the extent that Noah Webster did. Born in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1758, Webster graduated from Yale in 1778. He was admitted to the bar in 1781 and thereafter began to practice law in Harford.

Second Paragraph: In 1807, Noah Webster began his greatest work, An American Dictionary of the English Language.  In preparing the manuscript, he devoted ten years to the study of English and its relationship to other languages, and seven more years to the writing itself.

Third Paragraph: Webster was the first author to gain copyright protection in the United States by being awarded copyright for his American Speller.

 

6. Make a summary of the passage

Later, when he turned to teach, he discovered how inadequate the available schoolbooks were for the children of a new and independent nation. In response to the need for truly American textbooks, Webster published A Grammatical Institute of the English Language, a three-volume work that consisted of the speller, a grammar, and a reader.
Published in two volumes in 1828, An American Dictionary of the English Language has become the recognized authority for usage in the United States. Webster’s purpose in writing it was to demonstrate that the American language was developing distinct meanings, pronunciation, and spellings from those of British English.
He continued, for the next fifty years, to lobby for improvements in the protection of intellectual properties, that is, author‘s rights. In 1840 Webster brought out the second edition of his dictionary, which included 70.000 entries instead of the original 38.000.

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