Reading Comprehension 5 – Muhamad Agung Sutisna

Question

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

4. Translate the passage into the Indonesian language

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

6. Make a summary of the passage

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Information: Already Working on the task that has been given

Evidence:

1. Read the text quickly and sign the difficult words

The development of the horse has been recorded from the beginning through all of its evolutionary stages to the modern form. It is, in fact, one of the most complete and well-documented chapters of paleontological history. Fossil finds provide us not only with detailed information about the horse itself but also with valuable insights into the migration of herds, and even evidence for speculation about the climatic conditions that could have instigated such migratory behavior.

Geologists believe that the first horses appeared on Earth about sixty million years ago as compared with two million years ago for the appearance of human beings. There is evidence of early horses on both the American and European continents, but it has been documented that, almost twelve million years ago at the beginning of the Pliocene Age, a horse about midway through its evolutionary development crossed a land bridge where the Bering Strait is now located, from Alaska into the glasslands of Asia, and traveled all the way to Europe. This early horse was a Hipparion, about the size of a modern-day pony with three toes and specialized cheek teeth for grazing. In Europe, the hipparion encountered another less advanced horse called the anchitheres, which had previously invaded Europe by the same route, probably during the Miocene Period. Less developed and smaller than the Hipparion, the anchittheres was eventually completely replaced by it.

By the end of the Pleistocene Age, both the anchitheres and the hipparion had become extinct in North America, where they had originated, as fossil evidence clearly indicates. In Europe, they evolve into the larger and stronger animal that is very similar to the horse as we know it today. For many years, the horse was probably hunted for food by early tribes of human beings. Then the qualities of the horse that would have made it a good servant were noted – mainly its strength and speed. It was time for the horse to be tamed, used as a draft animal at the dawning of agriculture, and then ridden as the need for transportation increased. It was the descendant of this domesticated horse that was brought back to the Americas by European colonists.

2. Make a list of new vocabulary with their meaning

instigated: Memicu
evidence: Bukti
encountered: Menghadapi
extinct: Punah
Provide: Menyediakan
Insights: Wawasan
Herds: Ternak
Behavior: Perilaku
Appeared: Muncul
Compared: Dibandingkan
Appearance: Penampilan
Tribes: Suku
Tamed: Dijinakan

3. Reread the text and answer the questions given

1. A. The evolution of the horse

2. A. They suggest how the climate may have been

3. D. Influenced

4. A. Horses appeared long before human beings according to the theories of geologists.

5. A. The hipparions migrated to Europe to feed in developing grasslands.

6. C. Nonexistent

7. A. Miocene Period was prior to the Pleistocene

4. Translate the passage into the Indonesian language

Perkembangan kuda telah dicatat sejak awal melalui semua tahap evolusinya ke bentuk modern. Sebenarnya, ini adalah salah satu bab sejarah paleontologis yang paling lengkap dan terdokumentasi dengan baik. Penemuan fosil memberi kita tidak hanya informasi rinci tentang kuda itu sendiri, tetapi juga dengan wawasan berharga tentang migrasi ternak, dan bahkan bukti spekulasi mengenai kondisi iklim yang dapat memicu perilaku bermigrasi semacam itu.

Ahli geologi percaya bahwa kuda pertama muncul di Bumi sekitar enam puluh juta tahun yang lalu dibandingkan dengan dua juta tahun yang lalu untuk penampilan manusia. Ada bukti kuda awal di benua Amerika dan Eropa, namun telah didokumentasikan bahwa, hampir dua belas juta tahun yang lalu di awal Era Pliosen, seekor kuda di tengah perkembangan evolusionernya melintasi sebuah jembatan darat dimana Selat Bering sekarang berada, dari Alaska sampai ke daratan kaca Asia, dan menempuh perjalanan jauh ke Eropa. Kuda awal ini adalah hipparion, seukuran kuda poni modern dengan tiga jari kaki dan gigi pipi khusus untuk merumput. Di Eropa, hipparion menghadapi kuda lain yang kurang maju yang disebut anchitheres, yang sebelumnya menyerang Eropa dengan rute yang sama, mungkin selama Periode Miosen. Kurang berkembang dan lebih kecil dari hipparion, anchittheres akhirnya tergantikan olehnya.

Menjelang akhir zaman Pleistocene, anchithere dan hipparion telah punah di Amerika Utara, asal mereka berasal, seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh bukti fosil. Di Eropa, mereka berkembang menjadi hewan yang lebih besar dan lebih kuat yang sangat mirip dengan kuda seperti yang kita kenal sekarang. Selama bertahun-tahun, kuda itu mungkin diburu untuk makanan oleh suku-suku awal manusia. Kemudian kualitas kuda yang akan membuatnya menjadi pelayan yang baik dicatat – terutama kekuatan dan kecepatannya. Sudah waktunya kuda itu dijinakkan, digunakan sebagai hewan rancangan pada saat fajar pertanian, dan daripada dikendarai karena kebutuhan akan transportasi meningkat. Itu adalah keturunan kuda piaraan ini yang dibawa kembali ke Amerika oleh penjajah Eropa.

5. Read the text again and write the ideas of each paragraph

Paragraph 1: The development of the horse has been recorded from the beginning through all of its evolutionary stages to the modern form. It is, in fact, one of the most complete and well-documented chapters of paleontological history. Geologists believe that the first horses appeared on Earth about sixty million years ago as compared with two million years ago for the appearance of human beings.

Paragraph 2: Geologists believe that the first horses appeared on Earth about sixty million years ago as compared with two million years ago for the appearance of human beings.

Paragraph 3: By the end of the Pleistocene Age both the anchitheres and the hipparion had become extinct in North America, where they had originated, as fossil evidence clearly indicates.

6. Make a summary of the passage

The development of the horse has been recorded from the beginning through all of its evolutionary stages to the modern form. It is, in fact, one of the most complete and well-documented chapters of paleontological history. By the end of the Pleistocene Age, both the anchitheres and the hipparion had become extinct in North America, where they had originated, as fossil evidence clearly indicates.

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